Low carbon footprint
The world generates more than 5 billion tons of biomass as a by-product of food production, most of which is either burned in the fields or ploughed back into the soil. That’s more than 10 times the amount of wood currently used by the paper industry. These non-wood and non-food residues represent a huge untapped – and highly sustainable – resource for producing ethanol for fuel and fiber for papermaking.
Forest resources, currently the main source of fiber for papermaking, are diminishing all the time, and paper consumption is growing fastest in countries with little forest resources of their own, such as China and India. The world’s reserves of oil and gas are also being depleted at a rapid rate, and the greenhouse gas emissions they produce are one of the major contributors to global warming. The increasing use of food crops to produce biofuels is not helping things either, as it will lead to higher food prices and quite possibly higher levels of poverty around the world as well.
By using biorefining technology to process agricultural residues and energy crops cultivated on marginal land, non-wood and non-food biomass could replace wood as the basis for papermaking and oil as the basis for liquid transportation fuels. Biorefineries based on Chempolis’ formico® technologies can use a variety of agricultural residues as raw material to produce sustainably transportation fuel and papermaking fibres.
formicobio™ can sustainably utilize residual biomasses and produce transportation fuel without net emissions of CO2. With formicofib™ technology CO2 emissions of paper industry are reduced, while forests, groundwater reserves and waterways are being preserved.
At the same, local biorefining provides jobs and incomes to rural areas that are typically under-developed in Asian countries resulting in integration of social, environmental and economic sustainability.