Chempolis’ 3rd generation formicobio™ technology provides the most cost-efficient and sustainable way to produce bioethanol for transportation fuel. Such solution is clearly superior to current main approaches – either the 1st generation (1G) technologies using food crops (corn, sugarcane, wheat, etc.) as raw materials or the 2nd generation (2G) technologies using lignocellulosic feedstocks.
Biorefineries based on formicobio™ technology use similar lignocellulosic feedstocks as those based on 2G technologies. Thanks to co-production of biochemicals, formicobio™ is truly a 3rd generation technology platform and offers the most economical solution for the production of bioethanol:
Inexpensive raw materials that are typically agricultural residues
Co-production of biochemicals
Full recovery of process chemicals
No net CO2 emissions thanks to self-sufficiency in terms of energy
Reduced enzyme cost (compared to other approaches using enzyme hydrolysis of cellulose)
Using bioethanol as a transportation fuel is a way to cut the CO2 emissions of transportation sector and to secure sourcing of fuel when oil resources are declining and located in politically unstable areas. Production of bioethanol by the 1G technologies is an established industry. Bioethanol is currently used as transportation fuel all over the world, Brazil and USA being the leading countries. Production by the 1st generation technologies has limited opportunities for further expansion, because such production is competing with food production, can only marginally reduce CO2 emissions and is typically subsidized. Recently, production of biofuels from food crops has caused rise in food price.
First biorefineries based on 2G technologies are beginning their commercial production. From sustainability point of view, 2G technologies are superior to 1G technologies, but biorefineries based on the 2G technologies show only marginal or no profitability.